The Positive Side of Ravana: Intellect and Scholar
Its one of the important chapters of Ramayana. When the demon king Ravana was attacked by Lord Rama and was nearing his death, Rama asked his brother Lakshmana to go to him and learn something which no other person except an erudite Brahmin like Ravana could ever teach him.
The story goes that after shooting the fatal arrow on the battlefield of Lanka, Ram told his brother, Lakshmana, “Go to Ravana quickly before he dies and request him to share whatever knowledge he can. A brute he may be, but he is also a great scholar”.
At this Ravana said that if you have come to me as a student then you must sit at my feet because teachers must be respected and you want to learn lessons.
Lakshmana went to Ravana and this time he stood near his feet. Ravana seeing Lakshmana standing near his feet told him secrets that would make anyone’s life successful.
Ravana said, -“the most important lesson of life is that you must defer the bad action as much as you can and you must do good action without any delay and as much early as you can. If you follow this rule, you can save not only yourself but many other people from being damaged”-
Ravana also told Lakshmana about politics and statesmanship
- Do not be the enemy of your charioteer, your gatekeeper, your cook and your brother, they can harm you anytime.
- Do not think you are always a winner, even if you are winning all the time.
- Always trust the minister, who criticises you.
- Never think your enemy is small or powerless, like I thought about Hanuman
- Never think you can outsmart the stars, they will bring you what you are destined to
- Either love or hate God, but both should be immense and strong.
- A king who is eager to win glory must suppress greed as soon as it lifts its head.
- A king must welcome the smallest chance to do good to others, without the slightest procrastination.
His ten heads were Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Moha (delusion), Lobha (greed), Mada (pride), Maatsyasya (envy), Manas (mind), Buddhi (intellect), Chitta (will) and Ahamkara (the ego).
Ravana is of all the ten qualities. Such is the wisdom of Ravana, no wonder Ram asked Laxman to learn from him.
Ravana said, he had learnt these lessons through bitter experience.
– “Greed arises from attachment to the senses and catering to them. Put them in their proper place; they are windows for knowledge, not channels of contamination” –